Prices Have Gone Nowhere In Spite Of Attacks
Bearish fundamental data from the API, OPEC and the IEA, and perhaps another soft start for US equity markets, are outweighing the threat of a supply disruption in the Middle East this week, as prices have essentially gone nowhere in spite of attacks on the world’s most important shipping bottleneck for crude and one of its largest pipelines.
The US state department ordered non-emergency personnel to leave Iraq, as the tensions in the region have escalated dramatically over the past few days and due to an “…increased threat stream.” So far the oil markets are not acting as though this is the next step on the path to a confrontation with Iran, as oil and product prices did not make much of a reaction to the news overnight and are holding modestly in the red this morning.
The API was said to show across-the-board builds in energy inventories, most notably an 8.6 million barrel build in US Crude oil stocks, while diesel increased by 2.2 million barrels, and gasoline stocks ticked up by 567,000 barrels. The DOE’s weekly report is due out at its normal time of 9:30 central today.
The fears of Iranian oil export declines due to sanctions were tempered by OPEC’s monthly oil market report that showed gains from Iraq, Libya and Nigeria were more than enough to offset Iran’s decrease, with the Saudi’s still taking the role of the flywheel to balance the cartel’s production. OPEC held its global oil supply & demand estimates steady from last month
The IEA’s monthly oil market report noted a sharp slowdown in oil consumption in Q1 2019, and revised its global demand estimate lower for the rest of the year, citing weaker economic data from Brazil, China, Japan and Korea among others for the weaker outlook. The counter-OPEC agency also noted the relative calm in oil markets given the rising tensions in the Middle East, declining OPEC production and quality issues with Russian oil as new supply sources manage act to insulate the market from more volatility.
Most of the time, the OPEC monthly report gets cited only for its oil production figures, but the report had several other noteworthy items as well.
OPEC on Global Refining
“In April, refining margins globally saw a counter-seasonal positive performance, as the tightness in the gasoline market witnessed in the previous month prevailed, providing stimulus for trade flows amid limited product output. Meanwhile, the peak spring refinery maintenance season is slowly approaching its end. In all main trading hubs, markets of all other key products, with the exception of gasoline, witnessed losses, in line with seasonal trends and given the recently increasing supply-side pressure.”
OPEC on Non-OPEC oil production
“In 2018, non-OPEC oil supply experienced a robust growth of 2.91 mb/d, amounting to more than three times the increase seen in the previous year, and was led by the y-o-y gains of 2.26 mb/d in the US. In addition to the US, other non-OPEC countries, such as Canada, Russia and UK contributed to the gains. Indeed, the recovery in oil supply in 2017 and 2018, following the contraction in 2016, was driven by improving oil market conditions and rising oil prices, with NYMEX WTI increasing by around $14/b, or 27.5%, y-o-y, to average $64.90/b in 2018. Free cash flow (FCF) in non-OPEC reached to a record high of $310 bn in 2018, a jump by almost 100% y-o-y. There are several reasons to why free cash flows have improved from the low of $35 bn seen following the oil price collapse in 2015. Key among these reasons are the higher oil prices, lower cost levels and reduced investments. The non-OPEC’s FCF in 2019 is expected to decline 15%, before rising again by 23% to reach $324 bn in 2020.